Shiraz is one of the major cities in Iran and is the capital of Fars province. This city is located in the central part of Fars province, at an altitude of 1,486 meters above sea level and in the Zagros Mountains, with moderate climate.

 

 

Following the Tabriz (in 1287 Hijri) and Tehran (in 1289 Hijri), Shiraz is the third largest city in Iran in which the Municipality was founded in 1296 Hijri. The name of this city has been registered in books and historical documents under various names such as Tirazis, Shirazis and Shiraz. The primary location of this city was at the castle of Abu Nasr. Shiraz was transferred to the current location during the Umayyad period and thrived at the expense of the destruction of Estakhr, the old center of Fars. Shiraz was the capital of Iran during Safari, Ale-Booyeh and Zandiyeh. Due to its relative centrality in the fertile region of Southern Zagros, Shiraz has always been a natural place for local exchanges between farmers, settlers and tribes since the old times. In addition this city is on the way to Iran's commercial routes to southern ports like Bushehr port.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

پاسارگاد
 

Pasargad

Pasargad is located 70 km from Shiraz road to Isfahan in the Marghab plain. The Pasargad was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built by Cyrus the Great, and until the near the end of Achaemenid rule, the kings were crowned in this city. Among the most important monuments of Pasargad areThe Tomb of Cyrus, Palaces and Solomon's Prison. This monument is registered on the World Heritage List.

 

 

Persepolis

Persepolis is the capital of the Great Achaemenid Empire in Iran. The construction of Persepolis began at the time of Darius the Great (520 BC) and was completed by other Achaemenid kings. The most important parts of the Persepolis are the Gate of Nations, Apadana Palace, the Hundred Column Palace, the Tachar Palace, the Palace of Hadish and the Treasury. Persepolis was burned with all its beauties by Alexander the Great in 321 BC, and all its property was stolen. This unique structure is now featured as the World Heritage List.

Sarab-e Bahram (Sarab Bahram)

This relief is located 50 kilometers from Shiraz. In this relief, Bahram II (5th century AD) stands in the middle and Sassanid elders are around him. This relief is 3.85 meters long and 2.8 meters high.

 

 

 

تخت جمشید

 

 
نقش رستم
 

Naqsh-e Rustam

This complex is located 2.5 Km from Persepolis includes the tombs of Achaemenid kings (Xerxes, Darius I, Darius II and Ardeshir) (5th century BC) and the prominent Sassanid period (6th century AD). There is also a religious building of the Ka'bah of Zarathustra, which is probably a fire temple during the Achaemenid period.

 

 

 

 

Nasir al-Mulk Mansion

Nasir al-Mulk complex, which consists of a mosque, a house, a bath, a water storage and etc., is located in Shiraz. This building is related to Haji Mirza Hasan Ali Khan Nasir al-Mulk, the ruler of Fars during the Qajar period (13th century Hijri / 19th century AD). Plastering and mirroring are the main decorations of the building.

 

عمارت نصيرالملك

 

 
ارگ کریمخانی
 

Nasir al-Mulk Mansion

Nasir al-Mulk complex, which consists of a mosque, a house, a bath, a water storage and etc., is located in Shiraz. This building is related to Haji Mirza Hasan Ali Khan Nasir al-Mulk, the ruler of Fars during the Qajar period (13th century Hijri / 19th century AD). Plastering and mirroring are the main decorations of the building.

 

Gardens of Narenjestan Qavam

 

The citadel was built in 1180 Hijri (1760 AD) by Karim Khan Zand. The height of the brick wall of this citadel is 12 meters and the height of the four brick towers is 15 meters, decorated with simple and beautiful reliefs. The interior space of the citadel is painted with motifs of arabesque, bergamot, flowers and chicken with different colors and golden water. This building is located in Shiraz.

باغ نارنجستان قوام

 

 

 
باغ جهان نما

Bagh-e Jahan Nama

This garden is located on the east of Quran Street. Its tight brick wall is dates back to the Zandieh dynasty and it is standing still. This garden is beautiful one of the old gardens of Shiraz. During the time of Zandiyeh, a two-storey building was built inside it. In the middle of the garden, there are beautiful stone basins filled with water from Rokn-abad. This garden is accessible to the public.

 

 

 

Delgosha Garden

Located near the Tomb of Saadi this garden was one of the most important and recreational gardens in Shiraz during the Timurid period. The garden dates back to the Sassanid period and the inside building belongs to the Qajar period. This garden is closed in April, the season of picking orange blossom.

 

 

باغ دلگشا

 

 
باغ عفیف آباد

Afif-abad garden

With an area of ​​about 127,000 square meters, it is one of the most beautiful historic gardens in Shiraz. In Safavid period, this garden was one of the most important gardens for the kings. In the middle of the garden, which is also called Golshan, there is a two floor mansion, water fountains and a basement.

 

 

 

Eram garden

This garden, whose gate and main building are from the Qajar period, is the most beautiful garden in Shiraz. Ornamental flowers and diverse plant species in this garden have become the Botanical Garden of Shiraz University. The garden is located in the north of Shiraz and on the slopes of Mount Baba Kuhi. A mansion was built in the garden by Atabak Gharacheh Dagh in 480 Hijri. During the time of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, a new building was built in this garden. There is a military garrison now in this historical garden. Other gardens in Shiraz are located in the west of the city in Qasr-e-Dasht area and they cover about 50 square km of the city. Azam River, Nahr Maliabad and numerous Qanats flow to these gardens

 

 

باغ ارم

 

 

 

مدرسه خان
 

Khan School

The historical monument of Khan school is located in Shiraz. This monument is a large and prestigious school that was built during the reign of Shah Abbas the Great by the governor Allah Wardikhan and his son, Imam Gholi Khan.